Castor Oil is a colorless or pale yellowish oil extracted from the seeds of the castor (Ricinus Communis) plant. It is a fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms and a double bond between the ninth and tenth carbons. It is also known as 12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoic acid. Its derivatives are processed through subjecting the oil to specific reactions and processes, can yield a wide variety of chemical derivatives, which is used for diverse applications.
Castor oil and its derivatives are used in the manufacturing of soaps, lubricants, hydraulic and brake fluids, paints, dyes, coatings, inks, cold resistant plastics, waxes and polishes, nylon, pharmaceuticals and perfumes.